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Equipment for microwave processing of solid wastes

Image Incinerating factories are applied today for processing of solid household wastes (SHW) in large cities. These wastes are a low-calorie fuel, and for maintenance of necessary burning process temperature additives of liquid diesel fuel, black oil, etc are used. Thus in spite of the fact that in average from 1 ton of wastes can be obtained up to 8 МJ of the additional energy, the specified processing way is unprofitable. Besides, weight of SHW in cities continuously increases. Pressure on cities ecosystem simultaneously grows.
The offered technology based on use of pyrolysis, gasification and plasma gasification processes. Its main difference is application for maintenance of necessary process temperature of MW radiation instead of combustion energy of hydrocarbon fuel.
The offered method of MW SHW processing, possessing all advantages of known processing methods, has a number of essential advantages:
1. Application of MW energy gives an opportunity to completely refuse application of liquid fuel in the incinerate factories that allows to considerably decrease the processing cost price. 2. MW radiation energy is put into SHW volumetrically and practically with 100 % efficiency. 3. Processing occurs in presence of MW plasma discharge which intensifies oxidation reactions; decomposition of harmful compounds and neutralization of the processed mass occurs more effectively. 4. Neutralization of SHW starts even before origination of the MW discharge and a thermal warming up - due to MW radiation fields influence. 5. Application of MW energy allows to realize simple and practically inertialess control of processing in an automatic mode (that also provides the opportunity to arrange operatively a processing mode in accordance with characteristics of concrete SHW sorts). 6. Componentry of MW technique is well developed now in many countries.
The listed advantages of MW recycling process allows to create technology of SHW processing with much smaller unprofitableness. Under certain conditions it is possible to provide self-support processing at the expense of additional, "gratuitous" thermal energy and synthetic gas obtaining.

 
 
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